• In this lesson we will learn the Arabic Alphabet In-Shā’-Allâh (God Willing). The lesson is designed to teach the names of all the alphabets. Click on the letters to hear how the letter names are pronounced.
  • Please note that some of these letters are very similar to English letter sounds e.g.: /Bā’/ is very close to the letter ‘B’ in the English language, this is a useful way to remember the sounds of the letters. However many letters have no equivalent sounds in English e.g.: /ξayn/, and some letters have subtle but important differences in pronunciation, e.g.: /Hā’/ which is pronounced with a lot more emphasis in the throat than the letter ‘H’ in English.
  • In Arabic, it is preferred to use the ‘tanween’ (‘un’) to clarify the pronunciation – especially on the final letter of a word.  We have used the tanween in the sounds below.  For example – instead of/Bā’/ we have said ‘Bā-un’.  The letter name is still /Bā’/ but we have used the ‘un’ to clarify the pronunciation.
  • Finally, please note that the Arabic script is read from right to left. Please read the letters below starting from the right and reading each letter to the left.

Click on Letters to hear pronunciation

ج ث ت ب أ Arabic Character
/Jīm/ /Thā’/ /Tā’/ /Bā’/ /Alif/ Letter Name
j th t b a Letter Sound
ر ذ د خ ح Arabic Character
/Râ’/ /Dhāl/ /Dāl/ /Khâ’/ /ħā’/ Letter Name
r dh d kh h Letter Sound
ض ص ش س ز Arabic Character
/đâd/ /ŝâd/ /Shīn/ /Sīn/ /Zāy/ Letter Name
d s sh s z Letter Sound
ف غ ع ظ ط Arabic Character
/Fā’/ /Ghayn/ /ξayn/ /Zâ’/ /ŧâ’/ Letter Name
f gh ` Z t Letter Sound
ن م ل ك ق Arabic Character
/Nūn/ /Mīm/ /Lām/ /Kāf/ /Qâf/ Letter Name
n m l K q Letter Sound
    ي و هـ Arabic Character
    /Yā’/ /Wāw/ /Hā’/ Letter Name
    y w h Letter Sound